10月8日,即阴历八月廿二日,是今年的第17个节气——寒露。比之白露时分,此时气温更低,露水几乎要凝结成霜。

 

October 8, or the 22nd of the eighth month of Chinese lunar calendar, marks the 17th solar term – Hanlu (Cold Dew), when temperature is  much lower than that of White Dew and the dews are almost condensed into frost.

 

 

寒露季节,蟹肥菊黄,正是赏菊食蟹的好时节。此时雌蟹已经成熟,蟹黄饱满,蟹肉丰腴。不过蟹性寒,以酒解之最是自然。而用此时盛开的菊花酿酒,更有疏风除热、养肝明目的功效,是自汉代流传至今的传统习俗。

 

Hanlu is the perfect time to enjoy crab feast and appreciate chrysanthemums. The female crabs are mature with creamy roe and tender meat. A natural accompaniment to cold-natured crab is wine, which is even better if it is made of chrysanthemums. Drinking chrysanthemum wine is an ancient tradition with wind-dispersing, heat-clearing, liver-nourishing and eyesight-improving functions ever since the Han dynasty.

 

荷蟹图 / Crab on Lotus Leaf

作者 / Artist:佚名 / Unknown

创作年代 / Year:宋 / Song dynasty

规格 / Dimension:28.4×28 cm

材质 / Technique:绢本设色 / Ink and color on silk

现藏于故宫博物院 / In the collection of the Palace Museum

 

丛菊图(纨扇页)/ Chrysanthemums

作者 / Artist:佚名 / Unknown

创作年代 / Year:南宋 / Southern Song dynasty

规格 / Dimension:24×25.1 cm

材质 / Technique:绢本设色 / Ink and color on silk

现藏于故宫博物院 / In the collection of the Palace Museum

 

寒露时节,就让我们品酒食蟹赏画,看一看齐白石、陈师曾、陈大羽等名家的当令作品吧。

Let’s enjoy the scrumptious crabs, sip the wine and appreciate the masterpieces of Qi Baishi, Chen Shizeng, Chen Dayu and other masters of traditional Chinese painting.

 

蟹菊酒香图 / Crab, Chrysanthemums and Wine

作者 / Artist:边寿民 / Bian Shoumin

创作年代 / Year:1740

规格 / Dimension:89×170.5 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨 / Ink on paper

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

蟹酒图 / Crabs and Wine

作者 / Artist:陈大羽 / Chen Dayu

创作年代 / Year:1976

规格 / Dimension:96×60 cm

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

蟹 / Crab

作者 / Artist:齐白石 / Qi Baishi

创作年代 / Year:1920s

规格 / Dimension:50.6×46.3 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨 / Ink on paper

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

篓蟹 / A Basket of Crabs

作者 / Artist:齐白石 / Qi Baishi

创作年代 / Year:1940s

规格 / Dimension:67.6×34.5 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨 / Ink on paper

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

菊蟹 / Chrysanthemums and Crabs

作者 / Artist:齐白石 / Qi Baishi

创作年代 / Year:1880

规格 / Dimension:91.3×46.1 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨设色 / Ink and color on paper

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

篱菊 / Chrysanthemums under the Fence

作者 / Artist:吴昌硕 / Wu Changshuo

创作年代 / Year:1890

规格 / Dimension:103.1×55.5 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨设色 / Ink and color on paper

现藏于中国美术馆 / In the collection of National Art Museum of China

 

菊花图 / Chrysanthemums

作者 / Artist:陈师曾 / Chen Shizeng

创作年代 / Year:近现代 / Modern era

规格 / Dimension:133.5×32.6 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨设色 / Ink and color on paper

现藏于故宫博物院 / In the collection of the Palace Museum

 

瓶菊图 / Chrysanthemums in Vase

作者 / Artist:虚谷 / Xugu

创作年代 / Year:1882

规格 / Dimension:126.2×57.7 cm

材质 / Technique:纸本水墨设色 / Ink and color on paper

现藏于故宫博物院 / In the collection of the Palace Museum


资料来源 Sources:
http://www.ihchina.cn/
chinaculture.org
中国美术馆
故宫博物院

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