元宵节又称“上元节”、“元夕节”、“灯节”,是中国的传统节日。在中国,农历正月是元月,古代称夜为“宵”,所以一年中第一个月圆之夜正月十五名为“元宵节”。

Yuanxiao Festival, also known as the Lantern Festival, falls on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month of China. As “yuan” means “the first” and “xiao” means “night”, the first night of the full moon in the new year is therefore called the Yuanxiao Festival.

 

四川自贡灯会 Sichuan Zigong Lantern Show

 

元宵燃灯的风俗起自汉代,唐宋时得到进一步发展,“火树银花合,星桥铁锁开”之句描述的就是长安元宵节的盛况;明清时期各地灯会活动已达到鼎盛,明朝举办的元宵灯会更是长达十天。按照传统习俗,正月十五月圆之夜,人们要张挂和燃点各式各样的彩灯,同时举行观灯、赏灯、赛灯等庆祝活动,以祈阖家团圆、人寿年丰。以灯会为中心,各地形成了猜灯谜、吃元宵、走百病等一系列富有特色的元宵节俗。

The tradition of lighting lanterns to celebrate Yuanxiao Festival dates back to the Han dynasty and flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties. As depicted in the poem, “spectacular fireworks and colored lanterns light up the sky like fiery trees and silver flowers, tonight the city gates are unlocked and the curfew is lifted”. Lantern Festival celebration lasted for as long as ten days in the Ming dynasty. People hang up and light all kinds of colored lanterns around Yuanxiao Festival to appreciate and compete with each other. Guessing lantern riddles, eating tangyuan (glutinous rice ball) to pray for family unity and walking on bridges to ward off diseases are all part of a series of Yuanxiao Festival celebrations.

 

自贡灯会在日本 Zigong Lantern Show in Japan

 

自贡灯会在美国纽约 Zigong Lantern Show in New York, the United States

 

自贡灯会在俄罗斯 Zigong Lantern Show in Russia

 

随着时间的推移,元宵节的活动日益丰富,不少地方在元宵节庆中增加了耍龙灯、耍狮子、踩高跷、划旱船、扭秧歌、打太平鼓、抬阁等传统民俗表演,使灯会显得更加热闹红火。

As time goes by, Yuanxiao Festival celebration becomes more diversified. Dragon lantern dance, lion dance, stilt walking, land boat dance, yangge dance, Taiping drum dance, Taige parade and a variety of traditional folk events add new flavor to typical festive celebrations.

 

四川自贡彩灯制作技艺 How to make a Zigong lantern of Sichuan province

 

 

话年俗•看技艺•读文化——品品春节的味道
张灯结彩贺新春——“江南第一灯”硖石灯彩
Celebrating the Spring Festival with Lights and Colors: The Best Lantern in the South of the Yangtze River – Xiashi Colored Lantern

 

 

2006年,硖石灯彩入选第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。课程中通过介绍海宁硖石灯会,讲解硖石灯彩的特点、品类,以及独特的制作技艺,多维度展示硖石灯彩和花瓶灯的制作工艺。

Xiashi Lantern was among the first to be added to the national intangible cultural heritage list in 2006. The following course displays Xiashi colored lantern in multiple dimensions by introducing the Haining Xiashi Lantern Festival, explaining the characteristics, categories and unique production techniques of Xiashi colored lantern and showing how to make vase lantern, one of the varieties of Xiashi colored lantern.

 

硖石灯彩 Xiashi Colored-lantern

 

3D魔幻闹元宵——《金箍棒》杂技剧
Original 3D Magic & Acrobatic Show – Golden Cudgel

 

 

很久很久以前,天地一片混沌,恶魔为祸四方。金箍棒为铲除恶魔,选择勇敢善良的小男孩前往花果山,与醉猴家族一起修炼本领。

在海底龙宫,金箍棒被恶魔伏击,不幸被俘。小男孩凭借所学武艺,率领众人与恶魔英勇战斗,最终打败恶魔。

世界恢复了和平,小男孩与众人快乐生活。

Once upon a time, the heaven and the earth were in chaos, and demons were everywhere. In order to eradicate the demons, the golden cudgel chooses a brave and kind boy to go to Huaguo Mountains to cultivate his skills with the drunken monkey family.

In the Dragon Palace, the golden cudgel is ambushed by the evil demon, unfortunately captured. Relying on his martial arts and magic skills learned from Golden Cudgel, the little boy led the monkeys to fight bravely with the demon, and finally defeated it.

Peace was restored to the world, and the little boy lived happily with all the living beings.

 

《金箍棒》——3D魔幻杂技剧 Original 3D Magic & Acrobatic Show – Golden Cudgel

 

 

对于很多人来说,正月十五元宵节意味着春节的结束。新的一年充满新的希望,等待我们去探索,去创造。月满人圆,灯耀星河。斯德哥尔摩中国文化中心携手瑞典行知学堂和木兰剧团的大小朋友们,为大家献上最诚挚的节日祝福。

Yuanxiao Festival is commonly viewed as the end of Spring Festival celebration. A new year awaits our exploration and creation. On the first night of the full moon when families are reunited and colored lanterns are brighter than the starry sky, China Cultural Center in Stockholm extends our most sincere new year’s greetings to all together with Chinese Language School Xing Zhi Xue Tang and Mulan Theater in Sweden.

 

 

 

资料来源 Sources:

四川省文化和旅游厅

浙江省文化和旅游厅

 


 

Facebook: China Cultural Center in Stockholm

https://www.facebook.com/China-Cultural-Center-in-Stockholm-110983273921638

 

Instagram: chinaculturalcenterinstockholm

https://www.instagram.com/chinaculturalcenterinstockholm/

 

Tik Tok: cccinstockholm

https://www.tiktok.com/@cccinstockholm

 

Wechat: 斯德哥尔摩中国文化中心 or scan the QR code below

发表评论

邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注